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Vitreo-Retinal Services

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Vitreo-Retinal Services

A damaged retina can lead to visual disturbances, which, if left untreated, can cause vision loss. At Netralayam, we offer comprehensive vitreoretinal service with cutting-edge technology and painless procedures. Our vitreoretinal surgeons are highly-competent in diagnosing and treating retinal diseases, assuring timely and personalized medical and surgical care for our patients.

Our Services

Retinal Laser

The retinal laser treats macular edema and small breaks in the retina. Macular edema (swelling) is caused due to bleeding of diseased blood vessels that supply blood to the retina, causing blurred vision and severe vision loss. Advanced diabetes, extreme nearsightedness, eye injury, and aging can cause retinal tears.

Medical and Surgical Management for Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when diabetes damages the retinal blood vessels. It is classified into:

Diabetic retinopathy is treated with laser, eye injections, and surgery. Surgery can prevent further vascular alterations and retain vision.

ARMD Treatment

Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) often occurs in people aged over 50 and causes blurred or loss of central vision. It is classified into:

ARMD can be treated with laser and eye injections.

Retinal vein occlusions

When a vein in the retina becomes blocked, it’s called retinal vein occlusion. This can give rise to blurry vision or even sudden permanent blindness in that eye. It's similar to retinal artery occlusion, which is sometimes called an eye stroke.

The damage happens when a blocked vein keeps blood from draining from the retina. That raises pressure inside the eye, which can cause bleeding, swelling, and fluid leaks. Retinal vein occlusions can harm your eye in minutes.

Treatment of RVOs

Injections. A drug called anti-vascular endothelial growth factor targets substances that cause fluid buildup in the macula, which provides your central vision . This helps to ease swelling. Or it may be treated with steroid injections instead.

Focal laser therapy. A laser burns and seals off blood vessels near the macula. This keeps them from leaking.

Intravitreal Injection

Injecting medication directly into the vitreous cavity treats diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, and ARMD.

Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

Laser therapy, cryotherapy, and eye injections can resolve ROP caused by abnormal retinal blood vessel growth.

Retinal Detachment Surgery

The retina is weakened by a hole or tear cause retinal detachments leading to blurred or dim vision and permanent blindness if untreated. Laser therapy or surgery is performed to treat this condition.

Macular Hole Surgery

It is performed to resolve a hole in the macular area of the retina caused by injury, nearsightedness, and retinal detachments.


This test uses high-frequency sound waves to create comprehensive images of your eye and eye orbit. It can diagnose retinal detachments, glaucoma, tumors, and cataracts.

OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography)

This imaging test uses light waves and takes cross-section images of the retina. It diagnoses ARMD and diabetic retinopathy.

Fluorescein Angiography

This test uses a fluorescent dye and a specialized camera to examine the retina and choroid circulation. It diagnoses ARMD and diabetic retinopathy.


Indocyanine green (ICG) is a medical dye used to make certain eye parts more visible during procedures such as angiography. Indocyanine green angiography is performed to diagnose retinal blood circulation and the extent of macular degeneration and retinal vein blockages.

LVA (Low Vision Assessment)

This eye exam is performed to determine how visual impairment affects routine activities and prescribe glasses or contact lenses accordingly to enhance vision.

If you are looking for a retina checkup near you, then please schedule an appointment with us today to get the most advanced retinal checkups available in the region.


What does vitreoretinal mean?

Vitreoretinal diseases are conditions that affect the structures in the eye known as retina and vitreous.

How long does it take to clear vision after vitrectomy?

It can take 2-4 weeks or more to get a clear vision after the procedure.

How can I strengthen my retina?

  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet
  • Quit smoking
  • Stay hydrated
  • Exercise regularly
  • Wear sunglasses and eye protection
  • Get regular eye checkup

What are the symptoms of retinal damage?

  • Dim and distorted central vision
  • Floaters
  • Double or blurred vision
  • Difficulty reading
  • Light flashes in one or both the eyes
  • Eye pain
  • Night or day blindness
  • Blind spots in peripheral vision

Can the retina heal itself?

A damaged or detached retina cannot heal itself. It is essential to get immediate medical care.

What causes vision loss?

  • Macular degeneration
  • Retinal detachment
  • Diabetic macular edema
  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Retinal vein occlusions
  • Cataract
  • Glaucoma
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