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During the first visit, we will work with you to learn about your eye diseases and vision problems. Our doctor will review your medical history and enquire about any family history of eye diseases and the reason for your visit. Then, you will undergo a comprehensive eye exam that includes vision tests and tonometry. This will help our doctor clearly understand your eye problem and create a customized treatment plan for you. Time taken for comprehensive eye checkup is about 2 hours.

You should visit your ophthalmologist at least once every year for a complete eye exam. However, frequent visits are recommended if you are above 55 or have diabetes, high blood pressure, previous eye injuries, or a family history of eye disease. Visit your eye doctor immediately if you have sudden vision problems, loss of vision, eye irritation or pain, or face visual side effects due to any prescription medication.

Adult patients with cataract should be operated whenever they have a problem in day to day activity. But in children, cataract is an emergency and should be operated as soon as diagnosis of a significant cataract is made.

Your treating doctor would decide about the same – but presently, more than 95% of cataract surgeries are done without injection.

All the lenses offered are of very good quality. Your doctor may give you 2-3 options based on the condition of the eyes, after which the final selection has to be made by you. The final vision is the same for all lenses – the power of spectacles may be almost negligible or significant based on what you choose.

Lasik (laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis) is a highly effective procedure for correcting common vision problems. You must meet the following criteria to be considered for Lasik surgery.

  • You must be 18 years or above.
  • Your eyes should be healthy. You should not wear contact lenses for certain time length or have eye infections, injuries, and diseases or conditions, including dry eyes, glaucoma, keratoconus, cataracts, etc. Your vision should be stable for at least one year before the procedure.
  • You should not have any health problems, including uncontrolled diabetes, autoimmune, or collagen vascular disease, or have a condition that compromises your immune response, etc.
  • You should not be pregnant or nursing when undergoing the procedure.
  • Detail checkup would be done before declaring you fit for the Lasik procedure

Lazy eye (amblyopia) causes decreased vision in one eye. The prescribed treatment options for it, depending on the causes and severity of your condition, are:

  • Contact or corrective spectacles
  • Eye patches
  • Vision therapy
  • Surgery if squint or cataract is the cause of lazy eye

Yes, sometimes, glasses can correct the lazy eye without any further treatment. However, if your child’s vision does not improve within 4-8 weeks despite wearing glasses, further treatment might be recommended.

A lazy eye can be fixed with vision therapy, usually combined with other treatments, including glasses, eye patches, and eye drops. Vision therapy includes games and exercises, including dot-to-dot drawing, eye tracking, eye jumps, puzzle games, and coloring in special workbooks. These improve the vision and strengthen the affected eye muscles.

Glaucoma damages your optic nerve, which sends images to your brain and is usually caused by high pressure in your eyes. It can cause permanent vision loss or even total blindness within a few years if the damage worsens. Signs and symptoms to indicate glaucoma include

  • Eye pain
  • Tunnel vision in the advanced stages
  • Patchy blind spots
  • Blurred vision
  • Halos around lights
  • Eye redness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Severe headache

Your ophthalmologist will perform the following tests to diagnose glaucoma:

  • Tonometry Test – Measures intraocular pressure
  • Dilated Eye Test - Checks for any damages in the optic nerve
  • Pachymetry Test – Measures corneal thickness
  • Perimetry Test – Measures your peripheral vision
  • Gonioscopy – Inspects the angle between the iris and cornea
  • RNFL analysis using OCT machine

Yes, glaucoma can be diagnosed during a routine eye test, before any noticeable symptoms appear. Routine eye exams are recommended for early diagnosis and treatment of conditions such as glaucoma before it impacts your vision.

  • Eat healthy foods and exercise regularly
  • Protect your eyes while swimming or playing. Wear anti-glare glasses and avoid sensitive cosmetics.
  • Drink fluids slowly, because drinking in one sip may strain your eyes.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Avoid rubbing your eyes.
  • Avoid foods rich in trans fatty acids

All these work for correcting refractive error, but what you choose depends on your age, eye health, and preference.

  • Contact lenses or Lasik is unsuitable for children. They should wear glasses.
  • Contact lenses suit people who are above 12-13 years, sometimes younger, for other reasons.
  • Lasik gives you a permanent solution, but there are certain criteria to be eligible for it.

Your eye doctor will examine your eyes and help you choose the best treatment option accordingly.

Infants should have their first eye exam at six months. Young children should have their eye tests latest by age three. School-aged children are recommended to have eye exams every year if they have no vision problems. Children who need contact lenses or glasses should have their eye test every 6 months to 1 year or as prescribed by their eye doctor.

When buying spectacles, the type of lenses you choose matters for your child’s safety, vision, comfort, and appearance. You can choose from different spectacle lenses, including plastic, polycarbonate, and high-index plastic. Polycarbonate and high-index plastic lenses are often preferred due to their lightweight and impact-resistant properties. Glass lenses must be avoided in children as any accident may lead to injury to eyes with broken glass.

You can buy sports goggles if your child plays high-contact sports and needs to wear glasses during those activities. You can choose either a plastic or a metal frame, depending on your child’s preferences.

Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses. However, glasses may not be necessary if astigmatism:

  • Is mild
  • Does not cause farsightedness or nearsightedness

Spectacles for astigmatism are optional if your child’s uncorrected vision is 20/30 or better.

Signs and symptoms that indicate your child may have eye problems include:

  • Misaligned eyes
  • White or greyish-white pupil instead of black
  • Watery eyes
  • Pus or crust in either eye
  • Light sensitivity
  • Constant rubbing
  • Eye pain, discomfort, or itchiness
  • Drooping eyelids
  • Poor focus
  • Chronic redness of the eyes
  • Poor visual tracking

Some vision problems, such as lazy eye, do not cause any symptoms. Routine eye exams are recommended to detect such conditions before they impact your child’s vision.

Visual accuracy can frequently change in younger children. A child’s body adapts to age-appropriate developments so they may have normal eyesight but not have 20/20 vision before or at age 5. 20/30 is the normal eyesight for a 5-year old child. Take your child to an eye doctor if their visual acuity is less than usual.

Long periods of uncontrolled diabetes may damage the retina (diabetic retinopathy) of the patient and lead to drop in vision.

Diabetic retinopathy is treated with laser or injection in the eye – which would be decided by your treating doctor. Advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy may need surgery.

Patients developing retinal detachment would have a sudden drop in vision or a curtain-like shadow in a portion of the visual field. Immediate consultation should be done, and early surgery is required for retinal detachment.

Age-related macular degeneration causes damage to the central retina, which is responsible for 90% of vision. It has to be identified in an early stage and treated with injections in the eye.

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