Squint, or strabismus, is a condition in which the eyes cannot align properly. It generally occurs when the muscles that control the eye movement, the eyelid, and the extraocular muscles do not work in-sync. Coordination of the eyes is partial or alternating between the two eyes.
Some people are born with a squint or strabismus, and others develop one later in life. The exact cause of a squint eye may not always be known.
The major symptom of squint is that the eyes do not look in the same direction simultaneously. Other symptoms include:
The orthoptist or optometrist should assess squint to:
The squint treatment options include:
Squint eye exercises: Retrain the eyes to focus inward together where eyes cannot align themselves for reading or doing close work.
Prism eyeglasses: For mild to moderate double vision.
Patching/Occluding the good eye: The weaker eye is encouraged to work harder with visual activities like coloring and reading with an eye-patch.
Botulinum toxin injection (Botox): This is injected in a muscle on the eye surface. This squint treatment is recommended if no underlying cause can be identified and if signs and symptoms appear suddenly. The injection weakens the injected muscle to help the eyes to align properly temporarily.
Squint surgery: It is a typical squint treatment. A highly specialized surgery is necessary for adults to treat it. Doctors surgically tighten, loosen, or reposition eye muscles to reinstate the alignment of the eyes.
The surgery takes a day and does not need hospitalization since it is an external surgery.
Sometimes double vision may occur after surgery. It is generally a temporary problem, which lasts for a few weeks.
Our team of eye specialists understands the need for the utmost care and treatment of your eyes by giving a personalized strabismus diagnosis. Please contact Netralayam, Kolkata, if you have any queries on squints or strabismus.
Contrary to the general opinion among people that the squint is a permanent condition and cannot be corrected, a squint correction surgery can straighten the eyes at any age. An early diagnosis of strabismus will enable effective treatment through squint correction surgery. Squint treatment options also include corrective glasses, squint eye exercises, patching, botulinum toxin injections.
Squint or strabismus in the eyes can be treated naturally through eye muscle exercises, prism eyeglasses, and using eye patches or occluding the good eye.
Never ignore a squint that happens all the time because it could cause further problems, if left untreated, such as persistent blurred or double vision.