Winter weather conditions like drier air, lower temperatures, and grounds filled with snow and ice can present various health challenges to you. These can range from problems as simple as stiffer joints to problems that can cause serious health issues, including dangerous slips and falls.
Remember, the winter season also affects your eyes negatively and makes eye care more challenging. This is why you need to know what can protect your eyes during winter and look for the right treatment options when you recognize something is wrong with your eyes.
As the air and wind become cold and dry during winter, it can pull moisture from your eye’s surface, making it itchy and red. Sometimes, you may also feel like something has gotten into your eyes, accompanied by a burning sensation. Remember, dry eyes can lead to cornea damage and blurry vision in the long run.
On the other hand, cold, dry air can also make your eyes watery. These additional tears produced by your eyes are your body’s reaction to dry air so that your eyes remain lubricated from inside even when exposed to cold and dry air.
If you want to keep up your vitamin D levels and your heart pumping, you must spend a considerable amount of time outside your home during winter. However, most outdoor activities during winter, such as outdoor skating, skiing, and sledding, can also increase your chances of “snow blindness." This condition mostly occurs when ultraviolet rays reflect directly back from the ice and snow onto your eyes, which may cause the burning of your cornea, the clear tissue that paves the pathway for light to enter your eye. It can be thought of as a form of photokeratitis or sunburn that happens to the eye. This condition is more prone to occur at places with higher elevations where there are more chances of UV radiation.
Also, keep in mind that UV damage to the eyes can cause itchiness, eye pain, blurry vision, and light sensitivity in the short term. In the long term, eye damage due to ultraviolet rays can lead to more crucial eye conditions such as cataracts and macular degeneration.
Even though the sun's rays are weaker and days tend to be shorter in winter, it is very important to protect your eyes by wearing goggles, sunglasses, etc. Wearing hats can also be helpful. If you experience any symptoms of snow blindness or vision problems, make sure to contact your eye doctor immediately.
During the winter months, you may feel your eyes are getting old faster, and you may also get dark circles or visible swelling under your eyes. This is because you have less exposure to the sun, have dry skin, and feel more tired during wintertime. To fight such a winter eye appearance, it is essential that you get a few minutes of sun exposure each day, full eight hours of sleep every night, plenty of water, and develop a habit of using hydrating eye creams.
Don’t forget that as we spend more hours indoor in winter, we are more prone to indoor allergens such as mold, bug droppings, animal dander, and dust mites. Also, remember that heating systems can circulate the allergens that have been settled in the heat ducts throughout the entire year. In winter, common eye allergy symptoms are eye burning, watery eyes, itchiness, and eye redness.
If you are searching for the best eye care hospital in Kolkata to care for your eye problem, visit your nearest eye hospital Netralayam. We will be happy to tell you more about taking care of your eyes in the winter.
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