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The Growing Concerns of Eye Cancer: All You Need to Know

The Growing Concerns of Eye Cancer: All You Need to Know

Eye Problems


The eye, an organ people least worry about, can be a significant concern if not cared for properly. Among several conditions that can affect our vision, eye cancer or ocular cancer is one of the most dangerous. Eye cancer though rare, can pose risks to a person’s vision and sometimes be fatal.

Because of its rare occurrence, there’s a scarcity of information on eye cancer, and most of us often overlook its symptoms and risk factors. However, with over a thousand cases of eye cancer reported annually in India, the need for effective and efficient eye cancer care has become more prevalent. 

Read on to learn more about this disease, its symptoms, causes, prevention, and treatment. 

What Is Eye Cancer?

A cancerous cell that develops in one or more parts of the eye is referred to as eye cancer. It occurs when healthy cells in the eye grow uncontrollably and turn into a tumour. A benign tumour is usually harmless, but a cancerous one can spread to other parts of the body.

Cancer that develops in the eye is often referred to as intraocular cancer. In adults, the most common types of this disease are lymphoma and melanoma. On the other hand, in children, retinoblastoma is the most common type of eye cancer.

Eye Cancer Symptoms

Most people with eye melanoma don't have any symptoms unless the cancer spreads to other parts of the eye. Retinoblastoma symptoms are also very rare in children. However, other minor eye conditions can also cause these symptoms. 

If you have any of these, it is essential to get the doctor's attention to diagnose the right disease. 

Some common eye cancer symptoms include:

  • Enlarged or floating spots or stripes in the eye's field of vision
  • Sudden loss of vision
  • Flashes of light in the eye's visual field
  • Sudden visual field loss occurs when a portion of the eye loses sight
  • Lump on one eyelid that keeps growing in size
  • A growing dark spot on the iris
  • The shape or size of the pupil alters
  • Changes in the position of the eye within its socket

While a few of these symptoms might go away with time, we recommend consulting the best eye care hospital near you if they occur frequently. 

Eye Cancer Causes

Although the exact causes of eye cancer are unknown, certain genetic and environmental factors can increase the risk of developing Ocular cancer or Retinoblastoma. Several factors can increase a person's chances of contracting eye cancer. Some of these include the following:

  • Colour of the eye: Light-coloured eyes are known to be more prone to developing uveal melanoma than those with darker eyes and skin tones.
  • Age: Although eye melanomas can appear at any age, the risk increases as people get older. Men are more prone to developing this type of cancer than women.
  • Underlying diseases: Individuals with a type of skin disorder are at a higher chance of getting eye cancer.
  • Brown patches on the eye: Individuals with brown patches on their eyes are also at risk of developing eye melanoma.
  • Moles in the eye: Individuals with different types of moles in their eyes or skin are at risk of eye melanoma. 
  • Family history: Although it is very rare for people to have eye melanomas that can run in their families, it is still being studied to determine the exact reason for this.
  • Exposure to UV Rays: One of the possible reasons why people are more prone to developing eye melanoma is excessive exposure to sunlight and UV rays. 
  • Occupation: There have been studies suggesting that welders are more prone to developing uveal eye melanoma. 

Eye Cancer Treatment

Eye cancer treatment methods include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and freezing or heat therapy. New technologies such as pharmacology, instrumentation, and tumour biology have the potential to create efficient and effective treatment methods for ocular cancer. In addition to a multidisciplinary team, other specialists such as radiotherapists, psychologists, and ocular oncologists help provide effective and efficient care. Brachytherapy is the most commonly used treatment for ocular cancer, including uveal melanoma. 

How Is Netralayam Unique in Eye Cancer Care?

An eye doctor at Netralayam can provide comprehensive examinations, especially for people with a family history of cancer. We also have a full-time ocular oncologist who works alongside other medical specialists to diagnose and treat eye cancer. Whether it’s an eye cancer diagnosis or treatment, we can help you with both. From medications to surgery and recovery, we will create a personalized treatment plan for you accordingly.

Meet the Experts at One of the Best Eye Care Hospitals in Kolkata

Eye cancer, if not diagnosed and treated in time, can be life-threatening. Don’t jeopardise your vision and life; get the best eye care treatment near you today. If you are looking for the best eye clinic in Kolkata, look no further than Netralyam Eye Care Centre. We are a well-equipped emergency facility with the best doctors and experienced staff. Fix an appointment with our expert ophthalmologists today.

Frequently Asked Questions About Eye Cancer

1) What are the types of eye cancer in adults?

In adults, the most common type of eye cancer includes:

  • Intraocular cancer: It occurs when cancer spreads to the uvea. The common variants are intraocular melanoma and lymphoma.
  • Conjunctival melanoma: Occurs when a membrane that lines the upper portion of the eye, known as the conjunctiva, gets damaged. 
  • Eyelid carcinoma: Basal or squamous cell skin cancer can lead to this condition. 
  • Lacrimal gland tumour: It is a malignant tumour that affects the tear glands.

2) Is eye cancer curable?

Eye cancer is most likely to be cured if it is discovered early. Treatment can help prevent it from spreading. Follow-up visits are usually conducted by the healthcare team to check for the presence of cancer and to ensure that the treatment is working properly. They also help manage the side effects of the treatment. The treatment course can vary depending on the stage of the disease and the extent of the involvement. Although the odds of success depend on the type of cancer and its stage of development, treatment can be successful if performed according to the guidelines.

3) How is eye cancer diagnosed?

Eye cancer diagnosis depends on the stage and complexity of the condition. During the initial stages, your ophthalmologists may resort to various imaging techniques like ultrasound and Magnetic resonance imaging. A fine needle biopsy helps in the diagnosis of a small portion tumour. After the doctor has taken the sample, it will be sent to a pathologist, who will then analyse the results to confirm the diagnosis and to understand the nature of the tumour.

4) How to prevent eye cancer?

One of the most critical steps that people can take to reduce their risk of developing these conditions is to avoid exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Wearing UV-protective sunglasses can provide the best protection against damaging rays and help reduce the risk of developing skin cancer. Although the link between eye melanomas and sunlight is not yet known, some doctors believe that wearing sunglasses could reduce the risk of developing this condition.



The mission of Netralayam is to provide tertiary level superspeciality eye care service of highest quality to all sections of the society through a team of competent, committed and compassionate professionals in a patient-friendly environment.

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