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Cataract: What Should You Know About It

Cataract: What Should You Know About It

Cataract Surgery


A cataract is a clouding of the eye's lens, which is ordinarily clear. Due to cloudy vision, cataracts can make it difficult for you to read, drive a car (especially at night), or detect the expression on someone’s face.

Your vision isn’t affected at the beginning as most cataracts form slowly. But they will gradually obstruct your vision if not treated.

Symptoms of Cataract 

  • You should meet an Eye doctor if you face these signs symptoms:
  • Clouded, hazy, or dull vision.
  • Night vision is becoming increasingly challenging.
  • Light sensitivity and glare.
  • For reading and other tasks, brighter light is required.
  • Changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions regularly.
  • Fading colors or yellowing.
  • Having a double vision in one of the eyes

A cataract's cloudiness may only affect a small section of your vision at first, and you may be completely unaware of any vision loss. The cataract swells in size, clouding more of your lens and distorting the light traveling through it, and this may result in more obvious symptoms.

Major Causes of Cataract

Cataracts are caused by a change in the tissue that makes up the lens of the eye as a result of aging or injury. The lens' proteins and fibers begin to break down, giving blurry or unclear vision.

Here are various factors that increase the risk of cataract:

  • Age
  • Diabetes
  • Excessive sunlight exposure
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Eye injuries or inflammation

Prevention for Cataract

There have been no studies that have proven how to prevent or halt the progression of cataracts. However, experts believe that several strategies could be beneficial, including:

Have your eyes examined regularly: Eye examinations can aid in the early detection of cataracts and other eye issues. Consult your doctor about how frequently you should have your eyes checked.

Stop smoking: Seek advice from your doctor on how to quit smoking. You can get treatment from medications, counseling, and other methods.

Manage other health issues: If you have diabetes or any medical condition that puts you at risk for cataracts, stick to your treatment regimen.

Eat healthy food: By including a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables in your diet, you can ensure that you are obtaining a wide range of vitamins and nutrients. Fruits and vegetables include a lot of antioxidants, which can help keep your eyes healthy.

Put on your sunglasses: The sun's ultraviolet rays may play a role in the formation of cataracts. When you're outside, wear sunglasses that block ultraviolet B (UVB) rays.

Treatment of Cataract

Stronger lighting and spectacles can help you cope with cataracts at first. However, if your vision obstructs your daily activities, you may need cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is, fortunately, a relatively safe and successful technique.

Cataract Surgery

Around the world, cataract surgery is one of the most popular and safest procedures to treat cataracts. During the surgery, the cataract surgeon will remove the clouded lens and replace it with a clear prosthetic lens. The intraocular lens, or artificial lens, is placed in the same spot as your natural lens, which will always be a part of your eye.

Other eye disorders prevent some people from wearing an artificial lens. After the cataract is removed, eyesight can be repaired using eyeglasses or contact lenses in certain cases.

Cataract surgery is usually performed as a short stay procedure, which means you won't have to stay in the hospital afterward. Your cataract surgeon will use a local anesthetic to numb the area around your eye during cataract surgery, but you will normally remain awake.

Cataract surgery is generally safe. However, infection and bleeding are possible after-effects, but the incidence is negligible. For a few days after the procedure, you may have foreign body sensation and in most cases, healing takes a few weeks.

After treatment, you should take extra care of your eyes and try not apply external water for few days as per your Doctor’s advise

See Also: Cataract‌ ‌Surgery‌ ‌Before‌ ‌and‌ ‌After ‌Procedure,‌ ‌Recovery‌ ‌Tips,‌ ‌Risks,‌ ‌and‌ ‌Side‌ ‌Effects

If you or your loved ones are also suffering from cataracts and want a permanent remedy for it, contact Netralayam today. We are one of the best eye cataract surgeon in Kolkata, and best cataract surgery hospitals in Kolkata. We have got some of the best cataract surgeons in Kolkata who are committed to increasing your vision and overall wellness. 



The mission of Netralayam is to provide tertiary level superspeciality eye care service of highest quality to all sections of the society through a team of competent, committed and compassionate professionals in a patient-friendly environment.

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